AMSec 2022: International Workshop on Additive Manufacturing (3D Printing) Security

In conjunction with the ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security (CCS)

November 11, 2022. Los Angeles, U.S.

Call for Papers

Additive Manufacturing (AM), a.k.a. 3D Printing, is a rapidly growing multi-billion-dollar industry. AM is being used to manufacture 3D objects with a variety of materials for a broad range of applications, from plastic prototypes in the early stages of R&D up to functional metal parts in safety-critical systems such jet engines. Due to its high degree of computerization, AM is well-suited to be an integral part of the ongoing Fourth Industrial Revolution, a.k.a. Industry 4.0, which foresees tight integration and automation of various computer-controlled manufacturing systems. AM is often controlled over a network connection, relies on a variety of third-party programs, and operates based on digital designs. All this exposes AM to variety of cyber- and cyber-physical attacks.

The need to secure physical and cyber-physical systems which rely on 3D-printed parts gives rise to a corresponding need to understand potential attacks via AM systems, and to develop countermeasures that will enable attack prevention, detection, and investigation. So far, three major security threat categories have been identified for AM: theft of technical data (often referred to as violation of Intellectual Property, IP), sabotage of AM, and manufacturing of illegal objects. AM Security is the highly multi-disciplinary field of research that addresses these threats.

The aim of this Workshop is to present recent advances in AM Security, including both offensive and defensive approaches. This workshop further welcomes publications in closely related fields, such as Industry 4.0 Security and Supply Chain Security.

The topics of interest include the following:

The workshop will include several technical sessions, two invited keynote presentations and two panels by some of the leading experts in the field.


Submitted papers must not substantially overlap with papers that have been published or accepted for publication, or that are simultaneously in submission to a journal, conference, or workshop with published proceedings. All submissions should be properly anonymized; papers not properly anonymized may be rejected without review.

All submitted papers will be evaluated based on their relevance to the workshop scope, novelty, merits, quality of execution, and presentation. Submitted papers may be rejected for being out of scope, at the discretion of the PC chairs. Authors who have questions about whether their paper is in scope are encouraged to ask the PC chairs in advance.

We are accepting both Full and Short Papers. All submissions must be a PDF file in double-column ACM format (see, with a simpler version at, no more than 12 pages long excluding the bibliography, well-marked appendices, and supplementary material. Short, high-quality papers are also encouraged and will be considered. Note that reviewers are not required to read the appendices or any supplementary material. Authors should not change the font or the margins of the ACM format. Submissions not following the required format may be rejected without review.

Submissions are to be made to the submission web site at

Authors of accepted papers must guarantee that one of the authors will register and present the paper at the workshop. Accepted papers will be published as online proceedings through the ACM Digital Library.

Important Dates

Program Chairs

Program Commitee

Tentative Program

All times listed below are rough estimates.


Welcome Remarks

PC Chairs 


Keynote 1: Nils Ole Tippenhauer, (CISPA – Saarbrücken, Germany)

Déjà Vu? Challenges and Opportunities for AM security from an ICS sperspective


Security challenges for Cyber-Physical Systems such as general Industrial Control Systems (ICS) have receive increasing attention from researchers in the last decade. Despite the significant challenges in the intersection of Cybersecurity and Engineering fields, cross-discipline research efforts on ICS security research resulted in a number of promising research directions. In this talk, I will discuss how those general directions relate to Additive Manufacturing security -- in particular, where I see unique opportunities in AM to address problems that are hard in general ICS.


Nils is a faculty at the CISPA Helmholtz Center for Information Security, heading the Secure Cyber-Physical Systems research group. Until 2018, Nils was an Assistant Professor at the Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD). He earned his Dr. Sc. in Computer Science from ETH Zurich (Switzerland) in 2012, as part of the System Security group led by Prof. Srdjan Capkun. Nils is interested in information security aspects of practical systems. In particular, he is currently working on security of industrial control systems and the Industrial Internet of Things, for applications such as public infrastructure (e.g., public water systems and power grids). At SUTD, Nils was involved in the construction and operation of several of our practical testbeds in those areas (SWaT, WADI, EPIC).


Panel 1: "Lessons learned in CPS Security"

Alvaro Cárdenas (University of California – Santa Cruz, US)
Mark Yampolskiy (Auburn University, US)

Accepted Papers

10:00-10:30     Model-Based Security Analysis in Additive Manufacturing Systems
Michael R. Durling, Abha Moitra, Kit Y. Siu, Baoluo Meng, John W. Carbone, Christopher C. Alexander, Krystel K. Castillo-Villar, Gabriela F. Ciocarlie
10:30-11:00     Spooky Manufacturing: Probabilistic Sabotage Attack in Metal AM using Shielding Gas Flow Control
Theo Zinner, Grant Parker, Nima Shamsaei, Wayne King, Mark Yampolskiy
11:00-11:30     Stealthy Cyber Anomaly Detection On Large Noisy Multi-material 3D Printer Datasets Using Probabilistic Models
Srikanth Yoginath, Michael Iannacone, Varisara Tansakul, Ali Passian, Rob Jordan, Joel Asiamah, M. Nance Ericson, Gavin Long, Joel Dawson


Lunch Break


Keynote 2: Mohammad Al Faruque, (University of California, Irvine, U.S.)

Cross-Layer Security of Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems


Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are engineered systems that are built from, and depend upon, the seamless integration of computation and physical components [NSF]. Embedded systems comprising of hardware and software systems are the major enabling technology for these cyber-physical systems. Today, CPSs can be found in security-sensitive areas such as aerospace, automotive, energy, healthcare, manufacturing transportation, entertainment, and consumer appliances. Compared to the traditional information processing systems, due to the tight interactions between cyber and physical components in CPSs and closed-loop control from sensing to actuation, new vulnerabilities are emerging from the boundaries between various layers and domains. In this keynote talk, Prof. Al Faruque will discuss how new vulnerabilities are emerging at the intersection of various components and subsystems and their various hardware, software, and physical layers. Several recent examples from various cyber-physical systems will be presented in this talk. To understand these new vulnerabilities a very different set of methodologies and tools are needed. Defenses against these vulnerabilities demand also new hardware/software co-design approaches. The talk will highlight recent developments in this regard. The major goal of this talk will be to highlight various research challenges and the need for novel scientific solutions from the larger research community.


Mohammad Al Faruque is with the University of California Irvine (UCI) as a full Professor and directing the Embedded and Cyber-Physical Systems Lab. He is currently the IEEE CEDA Distinguished lecturer. He served as an Emulex Career Development Chair from October 2012 till July 2015. Before, he was a Research Scientist with Siemens Corporate Research and Technology in Princeton, NJ. Prof. Al Faruque received his B.Sc. degree in Computer Science and Engineering (CSE) from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET) in 2002, and M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Computer Science from Aachen Technical University and Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany in 2004 and 2009, respectively. His current research focuses on the system-level design of embedded and Cyber-Physical-Systems (CPS) with a special interest in low-power design, CPS security, etc. He is the author of 2 published books. Besides many other awards, he is the recipient of the School of Engineering Mid-Career Faculty Award for Research 2019, the IEEE Technical Committee on Cyber-Physical Systems Early-Career Award 2018, the IEEE CEDA Ernest S. Kuh Early Career Award 2016, Thomas Alva Edison Patent Award 2016 from the Edison Foundation, the 2016 DATE Best Paper Award, the 2015 DAC Best Paper Award, and the 2009 IEEE/ACM William J. McCalla ICCAD Best Paper Award. He is also the recipient of the UCI Academic Senate Distinguished Early-Career Faculty Award for Research 2017 and the School of Engineering Early-Career Faculty Award for Research 2017. Besides 150+ IEEE/ACM publications in premier journals and conferences, he holds 11 US patents. Moreover, his work has been featured in the New York Times, the Los Angeles Times, Newsweek, ACM Communication, Science Magazine, etc., among many other national and international newspapers and magazines. Prof. Al Faruque’s research is currently funded by NSF, NIH, DOE, DoD, DARPA, DOT, DoEd, ONR, UCOP, Caltrans, and several industries. Among many important professional service roles, Prof. Al Faruque served as the Program Co-Chair in the ACM/IEEE International Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems in 2021 (ICCPS’21), the General Co-Chair for the ICCPS 2022, and the Program Chair of the ACM/IEEE International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis (CODES+ISSS’22) and CODES+ISSS 2023.


Panel 2: "Non-Academic Perspectives on AM Security"

Joe Inkenbrandt (Former CEO of Identify3D and now a VP at Materialise, US)
Jason Thomas (National Center for Defense Manufacturing and Machining (NCDMM), US)
Jacob Gatlin (Auburn University, US)


Closing Remarks

PC Chairs